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牡丹江珩磨管制作工艺

发布者:hpsdlggc 发布时间:2021-09-13 16:50:08

选材(cai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)质(zhi)量考(kao)虑(lv)  提高(gao)(gao)配(pei)合(he)质(zhi)量,减(jian)少磨损,延长(zhang)零件使(shi)用(yong)(yong)寿命,但(dan)零件的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)费用(yong)(yong)反而(er)降(jiang)低(di)。牡丹江是(shi)疲(pi)劳的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)限度。第点,能(neng)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)铸铁(tie)件、淬硬(ying)和(he)非(fei)淬硬(ying)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)钢件、青铜件等,但(dan)不适合(he)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)韧性(xing)大的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)有色(se)金属(shu)。甘孜(zi)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)形式:冷(leng)轧冷(leng)拔(ba)珩磨滚玉绗(hang)(hang)磨管采用(yong)(yong)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)艺热轧绗(hang)(hang)磨油缸(gang)管后的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)区别(bie):采用(yong)(yong)成型加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)绗(hang)(hang)磨管材(cai),因为表(biao)(biao)(biao)层保(bao)留了表(biao)(biao)(biao)层的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)残余压地应力,有利于表(biao)(biao)(biao)层细小裂缝的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)封闭,阻(zu)止沉(chen)积作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)扩展。从(cong)(cong)而(er)提高(gao)(gao)表(biao)(biao)(biao)面耐(nai)蚀工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)能(neng)力,并能(neng)减(jian)缓疲(pi)劳裂纹(wen)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)产(chan)生(sheng)或扩展,从(cong)(cong)而(er)提高(gao)(gao)绗(hang)(hang)磨管的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)疲(pi)劳极限。成型,成型表(biao)(biao)(biao)层产(chan)生(sheng)层冷(leng)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)硬(ying)底(di)化,使(shi)切削副表(biao)(biao)(biao)层时的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)塑性(xing)和(he)塑性(xing)形变减(jian)小,从(cong)(cong)而(er)提高(gao)(gao)针管内腔(qiang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)耐(nai)磨性(xing)能(neng),同(tong)时避免切削过程中的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)烫伤(shang)。挤(ji)出后,粗糙度降(jiang)低(di),可提高(gao)(gao)两者(zhe)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)相互配(pei)合(he)特性(xing)。

牡丹江珩磨管制作工艺


滚压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)加(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)原理(li)(li)是金(jin)属(shu)(shu)在常(chang)温状(zhuang)态下的(de)(de)冷(leng)塑(su)(su)性(xing)(xing)特(te)点(dian),滚压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)具(ju)对工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)件(jian)(jian)施加(jia)定的(de)(de)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)力,使(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)件(jian)(jian)表层金(jin)属(shu)(shu)产(chan)(chan)生塑(su)(su)性(xing)(xing)流动,从而降低(di)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)件(jian)(jian)表面的(de)(de)粗糙程度(du)(du)(du)。由于(yu)(yu)被滚压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)的(de)(de)表层金(jin)属(shu)(shu)塑(su)(su)性(xing)(xing)变形(xing)(xing),使(shi)表层冷(leng)硬(ying)化(hua)和(he)(he)晶粒(li)变细,牡(mu)丹江液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)油(you)(you)(you)(you)缸(gang)(gang)管(guan)(guan)(guan),形(xing)(xing)成(cheng)致密的(de)(de)纤维(wei)状(zhuang),提(ti)高(gao)金(jin)属(shu)(shu)硬(ying)度(du)(du)(du)和(he)(he)强度(du)(du)(du),改(gai)善工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)件(jian)(jian)表面的(de)(de)耐磨(mo)性(xing)(xing)、耐蚀性(xing)(xing)和(he)(he)配合性(xing)(xing)。冷(leng)拔(轧)无缝钢(gang)管(guan)(guan)(guan):圆(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)圆(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)管(guan)(guan)(guan)坯→加(jia)热(re)→穿孔→打(da)头(tou)(tou)→退火→酸(suan)洗→涂油(you)(you)(you)(you)(镀铜)→多(duo)道次冷(leng)拔(冷(leng)轧)→坯管(guan)(guan)(guan)→热(re)处(chu)理(li)(li)→矫直→水压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)试(shi)验(yan)(探伤)→标记→入库。新磨(mo)条(tiao)粘(zhan)好后(hou)(hou)必须到(dao)外(wai)圆(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)磨(mo)床进行(xing)“规圆(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)”,尤(you)其是金(jin)刚石磨(mo)条(tiao),若不(bu)进行(xing)规圆(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)的(de)(de)要(yao)(yao)(yao)磨(mo)几万件(jian)(jian)产(chan)(chan)品才可(ke)能(neng)正(zheng)常(chang)使(shi)用。规圆(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)就(jiu)是用工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)装将磨(mo)头(tou)(tou)装夹(jia),涨磨(mo)条(tiao),然(ran)后(hou)(hou)磨(mo)平磨(mo)条(tiao)(平均到(dao)为(wei)止)。般磨(mo)头(tou)(tou)出厂时(shi)都带有(you)此工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)装的(de)(de),磨(mo)时(shi)注(zhu)意先(xian)校(xiao)正(zheng)磨(mo)头(tou)(tou)外(wai)圆(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)就(jiu)可(ke)以(yi)了。需说明的(de)(de)是规圆(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)后(hou)(hou)磨(mo)条(tiao)亦(yi)不(bu)能(neng)保证全部平均到(dao)齐,所以(yi)还是要(yao)(yao)(yao)预磨(mo)些工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)件(jian)(jian)来后(hou)(hou)修正(zheng)。工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)件(jian)(jian)夹(jia)具(ju)的(de)(de)质量(liang)也会严(yan)重影(ying)响圆(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)度(du)(du)(du)和(he)(he)柱度(du)(du)(du)。夹(jia)具(ju)必须校(xiao)正(zheng),与(yu)主轴(zhou)同(tong)轴(zhou)度(du)(du)(du),垂直度(du)(du)(du)均不(bu)应(ying)大于(yu)(yu)0.02。柱度(du)(du)(du)还与(yu)您校(xiao)的(de)(de)行(xing)程有(you)关(guan),应(ying)注(zhu)意调整(zheng)。拆卸液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)油(you)(you)(you)(you)缸(gang)(gang)之前(qian),应(ying)使(shi)液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)回(hui)路(lu)卸压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)。否则,当把(ba)与(yu)油(you)(you)(you)(you)缸(gang)(gang)相联接(jie)油(you)(you)(you)(you)管(guan)(guan)(guan)接(jie)头(tou)(tou)拧松时(shi),回(hui)路(lu)中的(de)(de)高(gao)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)油(you)(you)(you)(you)就(jiu)会迅(xun)速。液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)回(hui)路(lu)卸压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)时(shi)应(ying)先(xian)拧松溢流阀等(deng)处(chu)的(de)(de)手轮(lun)或(huo)调压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)螺钉,使(shi)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)力油(you)(you)(you)(you)卸荷,然(ran)后(hou)(hou)切(qie)断(duan)电(dian)源(yuan)或(huo)切(qie)断(duan)动力源(yuan),使(shi)液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)装置停止运(yun)转(zhuan)。第(di)点(dian),能(neng)加(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)铸铁件(jian)(jian)、淬硬(ying)和(he)(he)非淬硬(ying)的(de)(de)钢(gang)件(jian)(jian)、青铜件(jian)(jian)等(deng),但(dan)不(bu)适合加(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)韧性(xing)(xing)大的(de)(de)有(you)色金(jin)属(shu)(shu)。行(xing)情走势将直发卷(juan)经切(qie)头(tou)(tou)、切(qie)尾(wei)、切(qie)边及多(duo)道次的(de)(de)矫直、平整(zheng)等(deng)精(jing)(jing)整(zheng)线处(chu)理(li)(li)后(hou)(hou),再(zai)切(qie)板(ban)或(huo)重卷(juan),即成(cheng)为(wei):热(re)轧钢(gang)板(ban)、平整(zheng)热(re)轧钢(gang)卷(juan)、纵切(qie)带等(deng)产(chan)(chan)品。热(re)轧精(jing)(jing)整(zheng)卷(juan)若经酸(suan)洗去除氧(yang)化(hua)皮(pi)并涂油(you)(you)(you)(you)后(hou)(hou)即成(cheng)热(re)轧酸(suan)洗板(ban)卷(juan)。绗(hang)磨(mo)管(guan)(guan)(guan)和(he)(he)抛(pao)光管(guan)(guan)(guan)的(de)(de)区(qu)别管(guan)(guan)(guan)材(cai)自身的(de)(de)缺陷处(chu)理(li)(li)钢(gang)管(guan)(guan)(guan)性(xing)(xing)能(neng)更优(you)越,金(jin)属(shu)(shu)比较(jiao)密。绗(hang)磨(mo)管(guan)(guan)(guan)是种冷(leng)拔或(huo)热(re)轧处(chu)理(li)(li)后(hou)(hou)的(de)(de)种高(gao)精(jing)(jing)密的(de)(de)钢(gang)管(guan)(guan)(guan)材(cai)料。由于(yu)(yu)精(jing)(jing)密钢(gang)管(guan)(guan)(guan)内外(wai)壁无氧(yang)化(hua)层、承受高(gao)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)无、高(gao)精(jing)(jing)度(du)(du)(du)、高(gao)光洁度(du)(du)(du)、冷(leng)弯不(bu)变形(xing)(xing)、扩口、压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)扁无裂缝等(deng)优(you)点(dian),所以(yi)主要(yao)(yao)(yao)用来好气动或(huo)液(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)元件(jian)(jian)的(de)(de)产(chan)(chan)品,如气缸(gang)(gang)或(huo)油(you)(you)(you)(you)缸(gang)(gang),可(ke)以(yi)是无缝管(guan)(guan)(guan)。绗(hang)磨(mo)管(guan)(guan)(guan)的(de)(de)化(hua)学(xue)成(cheng)分有(you)碳硅Si、锰(meng)Mn、硫S、磷P、铬(ge)Cr。

牡丹江珩磨管制作工艺


绗磨管(guan)加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)后(hou)(hou)(hou)(hou)有(you)残余(yu)应(ying)力层(ceng)(ceng),提(ti)(ti)高(gao)疲(pi)(pi)劳强(qiang)度(du)提(ti)(ti)高(gao)产品线好(hao)(hao)招标滚(gun)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)是(shi)种(zhong)无切屑加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong),在(zai)常(chang)温下(xia)金属(shu)的(de)塑性(xing)变(bian)形,使(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)件表面(mian)的(de)微观不平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)度(du)辗平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)从而达(da)到改(gai)变(bian)表层(ceng)(ceng)结构、机械(xie)特(te)性(xing)、形状和尺(chi)寸的(de)目(mu)的(de)。因此(ci)这种(zhong)可同时达(da)到光整(zheng)加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)及(ji)强(qiang)化(hua)两(liang)种(zhong)目(mu)的(de),是(shi)磨削无法(fa)做到的(de)珩(heng)磨管(guan)的(de)滚(gun)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)规定(ding)及(ji)拆卸次序修理要(yao)求:填料(liao)必须(xu)(xu)(xu)与(yu)母(mu)材(cai)结合牢固(gu);调味品必须(xu)(xu)(xu)经(jing)久耐(nai)(nai)用(yong),牡丹江(jiang)滚(gun)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)管(guan),易于手工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong);手动加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)必须(xu)(xu)(xu)确保杆直径误差小于0.06mm。经(jing)分析确定(ding)所用(yong)填料(liao)为(wei)J422焊(han)条(tiao)。由于酸性(xing)电(dian)(dian)极对锈蚀、油污(wu)、水(shui)分不敏感,不易产生氢化(hua)孔;工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)艺性(xing)好(hao)(hao),操作方(fang)便;焊(han)缝成形美(mei)观;硬度(du)适中,易于手工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong);电(dian)(dian)弧稳(wen)定(ding),熔(rong)深(shen)大,与(yu)母(mu)材(cai)结合牢固(gu)。  珩(heng)磨管(guan)在(zai)拆卸油压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)缸(gang)(gang)以前(qian),应(ying)促使(shi)(shi)液(ye)(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)机回路(lu)泄压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)。不然,当把(ba)与(yu)液(ye)(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)缸(gang)(gang)相联接(jie)高(gao)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)软管(guan)拧下(xia)来(lai)时,回路(lu)中的(de)髙(gao)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)油会快速(su)来(lai)。液(ye)(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)机回路(lu)泄压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)时要(yao)先拧下(xia)来(lai)调速(su)阀(fa)等(deng)处(chu)的(de)手柄或变(bian)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)螺(luo)丝,使(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)力油抛(pao)撑(cheng),牡丹江(jiang)精(jing)密(mi)(mi)珩(heng)磨管(guan),随后(hou)(hou)(hou)(hou)断开(kai)(kai)开(kai)(kai)关电(dian)(dian)源或断开(kai)(kai)动力装置,使(shi)(shi)液(ye)(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)阀(fa)终止运行。牡丹江(jiang)如电(dian)(dian)镀(du)锌(xin)、热镀(du)锌(xin)、耐(nai)(nai)指纹(wen)电(dian)(dian)镀(du)锌(xin)、彩涂钢(gang)板(ban)卷(juan)(juan)(juan)及(ji)减振复(fu)合钢(gang)板(ban)、PVC复(fu)膜钢(gang)板(ban)等(deng),使(shi)(shi)这些产品具有(you)美(mei)观、高(gao)抗腐蚀等(deng)优良(liang)品质,得到了广泛应(ying)用(yong)。冷(leng)轧(ya)钢(gang)卷(juan)(juan)(juan)经(jing)退火后(hou)(hou)(hou)(hou)必须(xu)(xu)(xu)进行精(jing)整(zheng),包(bao)括切头、尾、切边、矫平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)、平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)整(zheng)、重(zhong)卷(juan)(juan)(juan)、或纵剪切板(ban)等(deng)。冷(leng)轧(ya)产品广泛应(ying)用(yong)于汽车、家电(dian)(dian)产品、仪表开(kai)(kai)关、建(jian)筑、办公(gong)家具等(deng)行业。钢(gang)板(ban)捆包(bao)后(hou)(hou)(hou)(hou)的(de)每包(bao)重(zhong)量为(wei)3~5吨。平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)整(zheng)分卷(juan)(juan)(juan)重(zhong)般为(wei)3~10吨/卷(juan)(juan)(juan)。钢(gang)卷(juan)(juan)(juan)内径610mm。 绗磨管(guan)是(shi)种(zhong)冷(leng)拔或热轧(ya)处(chu)理后(hou)(hou)(hou)(hou)的(de)种(zhong)高(gao)精(jing)密(mi)(mi)的(de)钢(gang)管(guan)材(cai)料(liao)。由于精(jing)密(mi)(mi)钢(gang)管(guan)内外壁无氧化(hua)层(ceng)(ceng)、承受高(gao)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)无、高(gao)精(jing)度(du)、高(gao)光洁度(du)、冷(leng)弯(wan)不变(bian)形、扩口、压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)扁无裂缝等(deng)优点,所以主要(yao)用(yong)来(lai)好(hao)(hao)气动或液(ye)(ye)压(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)(ya)元(yuan)件的(de)产品,如气缸(gang)(gang)或油缸(gang)(gang)。绗磨管(guan)加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)后(hou)(hou)(hou)(hou)有(you)残余(yu)应(ying)力层(ceng)(ceng),提(ti)(ti)高(gao)疲(pi)(pi)劳强(qiang)度(du)提(ti)(ti)高(gao)产品线好(hao)(hao)  加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)后(hou)(hou)(hou)(hou)有(you)残余(yu)应(ying)力层(ceng)(ceng),提(ti)(ti)高(gao)疲(pi)(pi)劳强(qiang)度(du)提(ti)(ti)高(gao)30%。


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